Print ISSN  :  2708-616X     |  Online ISSN  :   2708-6178   |  DOI:

Volume 8 |  Number 2  |   July – December 2023   |  DOI:

Gender-Based Differences in Leadership Style: An Empirical Analysis

Received : August 2023   |   Revised: November 2023   |   Accepted:  December 2023


Parmindar Singh, Ph.D.
Crescendo International College, Malaysia
Email: [email protected]
CamEd Business School, Cambodia
Email: [email protected]



This research investigates the differences in leadership styles among males and females of tertiary educational institutions in Cambodia and Malaysia. The study used a questionnaire as a measuring instrument and hypotheses testing to perform a one-sample t-test and a paired t-test. The sampling design used was convenience sampling. This research is relatively novel as it involved respondents from educational institutions in two Southeast Asian countries. This research found that females have a people-oriented leadership style and have a higher perception of their leadership abilities. In addition, it found that males have neither a task-oriented nor a people-oriented leadership style. The study suggests that women should be given the helm to manage these concerns in light of recent geopolitical uncertainties and workplace issues.

Keywords: Leadership approaches; People-oriented and task-oriented leadership style; Cambodia; Malaysia; One-sample t-test; Paired t-test


Read full text

Cite this article in APA 7

Singh, P. (2023). Gender-based differences in leadership style: An empirical analysis. JAFESS, 8(2), 39 – 49.

Online citation generator by    Scribbr    QuillBot

Except where otherwise noted, content in JAFESS and CamEd OAR © 2016 by CamEd Business School is licensed under CC BY 4.0