Volume 8, Number 2, 2023,  39 – 49

Gender-Based Differences in Leadership Style: An Empirical Analysis


Parmindar Singh, Ph.D.
Crescendo International College, Malaysia
Email: [email protected]
CamEd Business School, Cambodia
Email: [email protected]


Received: August 2023
Revised: November 2023
Accepted: December 2023


This research investigates the differences in leadership styles among males and females of tertiary educational institutions in Cambodia and Malaysia. The study used a questionnaire as a measuring instrument and hypotheses testing to perform a one-sample t-test and a paired t-test. The sampling design used was convenience sampling. This research is relatively novel as it involved respondents from educational institutions in two Southeast Asian countries. This research found that females have a people-oriented leadership style and have a higher perception of their leadership abilities. In addition, it found that males have neither a task-oriented nor a people-oriented leadership style. The study suggests that women should be given the helm to manage these concerns in light of recent geopolitical uncertainties and workplace issues.

Keywords: Leadership approaches; People-oriented and task-oriented leadership style; Cambodia; Malaysia; One-sample t-test; Paired t-test


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Singh, P. (2023). Gender-based differences in leadership style: An empirical analysis. JAFESS, 8(2), 39 – 49.

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